Applied thermodynamics is the science of the relationship between heat, work, and system that analyse energy process. The process is to convert heat energy from available source such as chemical fuels into mechanical work.
This fundamental science is the basic thermodynamics process that is used in the steam power plant. The related topics are:
1. Laws of thermodynamics (zeroth, first, and second law)
2. Definition of: energy, power, enthalpy, entropy, temperature, pressure, specific volume, density, sensible heat, latent heat, thermal conductivity, mass flow, heat engines, turbines, steam turbine, gas turbine, compressor, thermodynamic cycle, working fluid, ideal gas, system.
3. Definition of processes: isobaric, isothermal, isentropic, isometric, adiabatic.
4. Heat transfer: heat exchanger, condenser, heat flow through a pipe.
I'll explain each topics next, but if you want to know further detail of it, you may read this books:
Or this one:
Both book have advantage and disadvantage of each. The first book Dictionary of Engineering (Second Edition) is general for all engineering science include mechanical, civil, architech, ect. It has pronounciation guide for every term; acronyms, cross-references, and abbreviations; appendices with conversion tables; listings of scientific, technical, and mathematical notation; tables of relevant data; and more.
The other one, Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering, focuss only on mechanical engineering term. It is powerfull with the newest terms of mechanical engineering, include the rapidly advancing areas of 'small size' mechanical engineering: micromachining and nanotechnology.